|History and Information on Pomeranians
The origin of the Pomeranian breed descended from the Spitz family of
dogs, the sled dogs of Iceland and Lapland. The breed takes its name from
the historical region of Pomerania that makes up the southern coast of the
Baltic sea (now present day Germany and Poland), not because it
originated there, but because this was most likely where it was bred down
to size. In its larger form, the dog served as an able herder of sheep and as
sled dogs. When it first came to notice in Britain in the middle of the 19th
century, some specimens were said to weigh as much as thirty pounds and
to resemble the German Wolf Spitz in size, coat and color.
In 1870 the Kennel Club (England) recognized the so-called Spitz dog. In
1888 a Pomeranian named "Marco" was sent from Florence, Italy to
become the beloved companion of Queen Victoria of England. Because the
Queen was a popular monarch, the breed's popularity grew as well. In fact,
the Queen is credited for advocating the trend toward the smaller Poms.
Pomeranians were shown in the United States in the Miscellaneous Class
as far back as 1892, but regular classification was not provided until 1900
in New York. In 1911 the American Pomeranian Club held its first specialty
show. Early American winners were heavier in bone, larger in ear and
usually weighed under six pounds. They had type and good coat texture,
although they lacked the profuseness of coat in evidence today.
Miniature Pomeranian size, docile temper and a vivacious spirit plus
sturdiness have made Pomeranians great pets and companions.